An initial survey aiming to gather information on the views of different stakeholders towards the barriers and opportunities regarding the potential extraction and use of secondary raw materials was distributed to our stakeholder database. It also aims to direct the types of resources desired to progress this field, which we intend to provide through our SMART GROUND database.
The survey consisted of an initial set of general questions with a stakeholder analysis phase in order to categorise participants into the following stakeholder categories:
- Source Phase
- Market and End-users
- Governments/Public Bodies
Depending on the classification of the participant, they were then directed to questions specifically relating to the stakeholder group to which they represent.
- 69% of stakeholders were classified as key players, in which they possess both high interest in secondary raw material extraction and high influence or power (Figure 1)
- A number of key priorities were established, with the most important priority being the facilitation of information/knowledge exchange (see Figure 2).
- 65% of participants would be willing to offer moderate to high involvement with the SMART GROUND project
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- Source Phase:
- 67% of have considered landfill mining, with 17% having been approached by other companies for this purpose.
- Economic information and incentives have been identified as key factors in initiating landfill mining.
- Key opportunities to increase landfill mining include better profitability, avoiding the costs of post-management of closed landfill sites and reclamation of landfill sites.
Market and End-users:
- 100% believe that there are opportunities to increase sourcing of raw materials from waste.
- Economic incentives and saving material costs are important factors in sourcing raw materials from waste streams.
- The most important factor in starting to source raw materials from waste is their price.
- Increasing the level of knowledge was identified as a key opportunity to increase landfill mining.
- Pre-selection and arrangement of materials before landfill mining, combining landfill mining with environmental or risk prevention. reasons and applying experimental techniques or small-scale mining were identified as necessary in order to make landfill mining viable.
- Increasing the value of recovered materials, specific permits, eliminating excessive regulatory constraints and transmission of information were identified as key opportunities to increase landfill mining.
- 100% suggested that a moderate level of incentives are needed to convert landfill sites into landfill mines with financial potential
- Key incentives needed to promote the value chain of secondary raw materials are: economic incentives; disseminating information; the possibility of using the released volumes; and widening existing landfill return paid taxes and financial guarantees given for disposal in landfills.
SMART GROUND database:
- 100% of market and end-users and 83% of source phase stakeholders have an interest in the database.
- 100% of academics and researchers, 100% of governments and 83% of source phase users are willing to share data and knowledge
relating to their research, data on implemented case studies of landfill mining and case studies respectively.
- The most valued items for the platform were identified for each stakeholder group as in Table 1.
- 100% of both market and end-users and governments/public bodies are willing to pay a service fee for the platform.
The results displayed above were obtained from a sample size of 35 participants. In order to increase the validity of the results obtained, we have designed a shortened 10-15 minute survey.
The survey will close on Friday 7th April